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Mind Wandering Trait-level Tendencies During Lecture Viewing: A Pilot Study

Francesca Zermiani, Andreas Bulling, Maria Wirzberger

Proceedings of the EduEye Workshop on Eye Tracking in Learning and Education, pp. 1–7, 2022.


Abstract

Mind wandering (MW) is defined as a shift of attention to task-unrelated internal thoughts that is pervasive and disruptive for learning performance. Current state-of-the-art gaze-based attention-aware intelligent systems are capable of detecting MW from eye movements and delivering interventions to mitigate its negative effects. However, the beneficial functions of MW and its trait-level tendency, defined as the content of MW experience, are still largely neglected by these systems. In this pilot study, we address the questions of whether different MW trait-level tendencies can be detected through off-screen fixations’ frequency and duration and blink rate during a lecture viewing task. We focus on prospective planning and creative problem-solving as two of the main MW trait-level tendencies. Despite the non-significance, the descriptive values show a higher frequency and duration of off-screen fixations, but lower blink rate, in the creative problem-solving MW condition. Interestingly, we do find a highly significant correlation between MW level and engagement scores in the prospective planning MW group. Potential explanations for the observed results are discussed. Overall, these findings represent a preliminary step towards the development of more accurate and adaptive learning technologies, and call for further studies on MW trait-level tendency detection.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{zermiani22_edueye, title = {Mind Wandering Trait-level Tendencies During Lecture Viewing: A Pilot Study}, author = {Zermiani, Francesca and Bulling, Andreas and Wirzberger, Maria}, year = {2022}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the EduEye Workshop on Eye Tracking in Learning and Education}, doi = {10.1145/3517031.3529241}, pages = {1--7} }