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Noticeable or Distractive? A Design Space for Gaze-Contingent User Interface Notifications

Michaela Klauck, Yusuke Sugano, Andreas Bulling

Ext. Abstr. ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), pp. 1779-1786, 2017.


Abstract

Users are interrupted by an ever-increasing number of notifications, ranging from error messages, over new email or chat alerts, to advertisement pop-ups. We explore gaze-contingent user interfaces notifications that are shown depending on users’ current gaze location. Specifically, we evaluate how different design properties influence notification noticeability and distractiveness. We measure noticeability quantitatively by analyzing participants’ performance in confirming notifications and distractiveness using a questionnaire. Based on a 12-participant user study on a public display, we show that each of these properties affects noticeability and distractiveness differently and that the properties, in turn, allow for fine-grained optimization of notification display. These findings inform the design of future attentive user interfaces that could optimize the trade-off between, for example, the notification importance and the cost of interruption.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{klauck17_chi, author = {Klauck, Michaela and Sugano, Yusuke and Bulling, Andreas}, title = {Noticeable or Distractive? A Design Space for Gaze-Contingent User Interface Notifications}, booktitle = {Ext. Abstr. ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI)}, year = {2017}, pages = {1779-1786}, doi = {10.1145/3027063.3053085} }