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CueAuth: Comparing Touch, Mid-Air Gestures, and Gaze for Cue-based Authentication on Situated Displays

Mohamed Khamis, Ludwig Trotter, Ville Mäkelä, Emanuel Zezschwitz, Jens Le, Andreas Bulling, Florian Alt

Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies (IMWUT), 2(7), pp. 174:1-174:22, 2018.


Abstract

Secure authentication on situated displays s (e.g., to access sensitive information or to make purchases) is becoming increasingly important. A promising approach are authentication schemes that employ cues that users respond to while authenticating; these schemes overwhelm observers by requiring them to observe the cue itself as well as users’ response to the cue. Although previous work proposed a variety of modalities, such as gaze and mid-air gestures, to further improve security, an understanding of how they compare with regard to usability and security is still missing as of today. In this paper, we compare modalities for cue-based authentication on situated displays. We provide the first comparison between touch, mid-air gestures, and calibration-free gaze using a state-of-the-art authentication concept. In two user studies (N=37) we found that the choice of touch or gaze presents a clear trade-off between usability and security. For example, while gaze input is more secure, it is also more demanding and requires longer authentication times. Mid-air gestures are slightly slower and more secure than touch but users hesitate using them in public. We conclude with design implications for authentication using touch, mid-air gestures, and gaze and discuss how the choice of modality creates opportunities and challenges for improved authentication in public.

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BibTeX

@article{khamis18_imwut, title = {CueAuth: Comparing Touch, Mid-Air Gestures, and Gaze for Cue-based Authentication on Situated Displays}, author = {Khamis, Mohamed and Trotter, Ludwig and Mäkelä, Ville and von Zezschwitz, Emanuel and Le, Jens and Bulling, Andreas and Alt, Florian}, year = {2018}, journal = {Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies (IMWUT)}, volume = {2}, number = {7}, pages = {174:1-174:22}, doi = {10.1145/3287052} }