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A novel approach to single camera, glint-free 3D eye model fitting including corneal refraction

Kai Dierkes, Moritz Kassner, Andreas Bulling

Proc. International Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications (ETRA), pp. 9:1-9:9, 2018.


Abstract

Model-based methods for glint-free gaze estimation typically infer eye pose using pupil contours extracted from eye images. Existing methods, however, either ignore or require complex hardware setups to deal with refraction effects occurring at the corneal interfaces. In this work we provide a detailed analysis of the effects of refraction in glint-free gaze estimation using a single near-eye camera, based on the method presented by [Swirski et al. 2013]. We demonstrate systematic deviations in inferred eyeball positions and gaze directions with respect to synthetic ground-truth data and show that ignoring corneal refraction can result in angular errors of several degrees. Furthermore, we quantify gaze direction dependent errors in pupil radius estimates. We propose a novel approach to account for corneal refraction in 3D eye model fitting and by analyzing synthetic and real images show that our new method successfully captures refraction effects and helps to overcome the shortcomings of the state of the art approach.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{dierkes18_etra, author = {Dierkes, Kai and Kassner, Moritz and Bulling, Andreas}, title = {A novel approach to single camera, glint-free 3D eye model fitting including corneal refraction}, booktitle = {Proc. International Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications (ETRA)}, year = {2018}, pages = {9:1-9:9}, doi = {10.1145/3204493.3204525} }