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Attention, please! Comparing Features for Measuring Audience Attention Towards Pervasive Displays

Florian Alt, Andreas Bulling, Lukas Mecke, Daniel Buschek

Proc. ACM SIGCHI Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS), pp. 823-828, 2016.


Abstract

Measuring audience attention towards pervasive displays is important but accurate measurement in real time remains a significant sensing challenge. Consequently, researchers and practitioners typically use other features, such as face presence, as a proxy. We provide a principled comparison of the performance of six features and their combinations for measuring attention: face presence, movement trajectory, walking speed, shoulder orientation, head pose, and gaze direction. We implemented a prototype that is capable of capturing this rich set of features from video and depth camera data. Using a controlled lab experiment (N=18) we show that as a single feature, face presence is indeed among the most accurate. We further show that accuracy can be increased through a combination of features (+10.3%), knowledge about the audience (+63.8%), as well as user identities (+69.0%). Our findings are valuable for display providers who want to collect data on display effectiveness or build interactive, responsive apps.

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BibTeX

@inproceedings{alt16_dis, author = {Alt, Florian and Bulling, Andreas and Mecke, Lukas and Buschek, Daniel}, title = {Attention, please! Comparing Features for Measuring Audience Attention Towards Pervasive Displays}, booktitle = {Proc. ACM SIGCHI Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS)}, year = {2016}, pages = {823-828}, doi = {10.1145/2901790.2901897} }